We all have experienced our fair share of bad presentations. A colleague steps up to the front of the room. He or she presents. We all fall asleep. It’s the plague of the current business landscape.
Why is it this way?
Most presenters are neglectful of how individuals learn. A few years ago, a research team led by Stephen Kosslyn and comprised of experts from Stanford, the University of Amsterdam, and Harvard made it a mission to unpack how presenters could improve in the art of public speaking. What they discovered were 3 steps that go into receiving and digesting information from a presentation:
- 1. Information Needs to be Acquired
- 2. Information Needs to be Processed
- 3. Information Needs to be Connected to Knowledge
If there is any disconnect from steps 1-3, a presentation will not be effective. Their study went one step further by unraveling 8 key principles that help people remember. Here they are:
- Principle 1
Distinguishability: Every presenter needs to make it extremely easy for an audience member to distinguish colors, typography, size, format, etc.
- Principle 2
Perceptual Organization: The content and design of your deck must have order and a sense of purpose. There must be a logical flow or the message will not be received well.
- Principle 3
Salience: Important and critical concepts must be clearly defined visually by using simple design techniques like white space or the rule of thirds.
- Principle 4
Limited Capacity: A presenter’s message must be simple and easy to understand and retain. One must imagine they are talking to a child when presenting.
- Principle 5
Informative Change: Any change must have purpose and meaning. Don’t use animations and transitions just for the purpose of novelty.
- Principle 6
Appropriate Knowledge: Jargon and difficult concepts must always be avoided. Great presentations are about brevity and levity.
- Principle 7
Compatibility: Every presentation must add value to the audience’s life.
- Principle 8
Relevance: The human brain has limited capacity. Therefore, every message should maintain a level of depth to keep things relevant while being simplified logically and visually for the audience to help with retention.
These are 8 principles that can take your next presentation to the next level if you incorporate them when preparing for your next talk. The main lesson here: Don’t neglect how the human brain functions and learns. Trust me. Your audience will appreciate your careful planning.
Source : Author Bio : Scott Schwertly